L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) 10%
alpha Tocopherol (Vitamin E) 1%
Vitamin C and E based serum
How it does it:
- Anti-oxidant, repairs cell DNA damage.
- Also shown to stimulate collagen, reduce wrinkles and pigmentation
- Anti-oxidant, enhances activity of Vitamin C
What it does:
- Protects and repairs skin from sun’s
- UV radiation (wrinkles+pigmentation)
Conditions and skin types:
For dry skin and combination normal skin in dry climate
Apply after cleansing in the morning.
On oilier acne prone skin, keep away from T Zone and discontinue if results in breakout
(use C Serum Lite instead). Slight heat or tingling may be felt and is normal. If discomfort experienced, wash off & discontinue
It doesn’t work if oxidised (has a shelf life of approx. 18 months).
How it is different:
Vitamin C is one of the very few anti-oxidants with strong evidence and only the Ascorbic acid in emulsion form (not crystals) has good evidence. Vitamin C is unstable and when oxidised (dark orange or brown) rendering it ineffective or harmful. In order to delay oxidisation, Vitamin C must be in an oil base (risk of breakout), and in an airless opaque container. (concentrations > 10% are too unstable and have short shelf life).